Chinese dredging vessels are purportedly seen in the waters around Mischief Reef in the disputed Spratly Islands in the South China Sea in this still image from video taken by a P-8A Poseidon surveillance aircraft provided by the United States Navy May 21, 2015. REUTERS/U.S. Navy/Handout via Reuters The following interview with Alexander Vuving was carried out in Honolulu on March 27, 2015 by Patrick Renz and Frauke Heidemann. The main focus of the interview was on the South China Sea, ranging from the Chinese land reclamation activities to the legal case brought forward by the Philippines and Vietnam and the historic background of the territorial disputes, as well as on U.S.-China relations. All footnotes are remarks by Patrick Renz and Frauke Heidemann, aimed at giving some additional background knowledge and providing the links to the cited documents so that the reader can follow up on these issues easily. South China Sea The land reclamation activities by China are not a new … [Read more...] about Chinas’s ‘Sun Tzu’s strategy’: preparing for winning without fighting
U s global leadership coalition
Editor's Note: Dr. Terry F. Buss is a fellow of the U.S. National Academy of Public Administration. He wrote this article exclusively for Tuoi Tre News. On February 6, 2015, President Obama released his National Security Strategy (NSS) that serves as U.S. policy for the remaining two years of his presidency. NSS is supposed to set priorities to guide funding and resourcing decisions and to ensure that security, intelligence, defense and humanitarian functions are widely understood and properly coordinated. In the past, foreign governments, international organizations, and terrorists alike, have eagerly anticipated NSS to see where U.S. efforts will be focused. In spite of its importance, the 2015 NSS was dead on arrival. There was very little commentary on NSS from opponents and advocates of the Obama Administration. NSS was supposed to be released in early 2014, but was delayed because of unanticipated Islamic State military advances in Syria and Iraq. On August 29, 2014, … [Read more...] about Obama’s 2015 national security strategy: what does it mean for SE Asia and Vietnam?
President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping, left, meet at the ambassador's residence in The Hague on Mar. 24, 2014 ahead of the Nuclear Security Summit. When President Barack Obama meets Xi Jinping in Beijing in November he may want to steer clear of a line that has become a favorite of the Chinese president: "new model of great power relations." After using similar phrasing in discussions with Xi in September last year in St Petersburg, the words "great power" were absent when Obama met Xi in The Hague in March and again in a July speech, as they were when National Security Adviser Susan Rice visited Beijing this month. By avoiding Xi's slogan the is signaling its reluctance to accept a world that sees China increasing its influence while weakening that of the and its allies in Asia. Xi is using the lure of trade and investment alongside the firepower of a more confrontational military to make inroads after decades of preeminence in the Pacific, to meet his stated goal … [Read more...] about Xi’s great-power drive throws up dilemma for Obama as APEC nears
President Barack Obama said on Thursday he was sending up to 300 U.S. military advisers to Iraq but stressed the need for a political solution to the Iraqi crisis as government forces battled Sunni rebels for control of the country's biggest refinery. Speaking after a meeting with his national security team, Obama said he was prepared to take "targeted" military action later if deemed necessary, thus delaying but still keeping open the prospect of airstrikes to fend off a militant insurgency. But he insisted that U.S. troops would not return to combat in Iraq. Obama also delivered a stern message to Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki on the need to take urgent steps to heal Iraq's sectarian rift, something U.S. officials say the Shi'ite leader has failed to do and which an al Qaeda splinter group leading the Sunni revolt has exploited. "We do not have the ability to simply solve this problem by sending in tens of thousands of troops and committing the kinds of blood and treasure that has … [Read more...] about Obama sends U.S. military advisers to Iraq as battle rages over refinery
Editor's Note: Terry F. Buss is a Distinguished Professor of Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University (Australia). He wrote this article exclusively for Tuoitrenews. U.S.-Chinese relations are based on cooperation with the overall mutual goal of attaining security, stability and development in Asia. The Chinese want recognition and respect for what they have accomplished as an emerging superpower. The U.S. wants China to accept its legitimate right to play a major role in trade and security in the region. Both countries understand that they are in intense competition to influence the region, but that they mU.S.t restrain themselves or both will be worse off. This shared framework is agreeable in principle: but in the end it's only words. What counts is how they behave. Over the past few years as China has risen to an economic and military global power, and the U.S. has further withdrawn or becomes bogged down, each country has begun to test the other to determine the limits … [Read more...] about America’s unfocused policy towards China?
ATHENS/CANNES - Intense European pressure forced debt-stricken Greece to seek political consensus on a new bailout plan instead of holding a referendum after EU leaders raised the prospect of a Greek exit from the euro to preserve the single currency. Fast-moving events in Athens overshadowed the first day of a summit of the Group of 20 major economies on the French Riviera on Thursday, with anxious world leaders urging Europe to act to stop contagion from its sovereign debt crisis. Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou bowed to cabinet rebels and agreed to step down and make way for a negotiated coalition government if his Socialists back him in a confidence vote on Friday, government sources told Reuters. "He was told that he must leave calmly in order to save his (PASOK) party," one source said on condition of anonymity. "He agreed to step down. It was very civilized, with no acrimony." Papandreou, son and grandson of left-wing prime ministers, hinted he was ready to … [Read more...] about Greek PM ready to go, dump referendum, for euro deal
Venezuela's socialist President Hugo Chavez comfortably won re-election on Sunday, quashing the opposition's best chance at unseating him in 14 years and cementing himself as a dominant figure in modern Latin American history. A fist-pumping Chavez led throngs of supporters in celebration from the balcony of the presidential palace - just months after cancer treatment had taken him out of the public eye and left him fending off rumors he was dying. A new six-year term will extend his rule of the OPEC member state to two decades, giving him a chance to deepen his oil-revenue-fueled socialism while continuing to support left-wing allies in Latin America, though a possible recurrence of cancer still hangs over him. "Today we've shown that Venezuela's democracy is one of the best democracies in the world, and we will continue to show it," the 58-year-old Chavez shouted, dressed in a signature red shirt and waving a replica sword of independence hero Simon Bolivar. Crowds roared, and the … [Read more...] about Venezuela’s Chavez re-elected to extend socialist rule
When the United States invests in innovation, it creates companies and jobs at home, makes Americans healthier and safer, and saves lives and fights poverty in the world's poorest countries. It offers the next president a tremendous opportunity to help people in America and around the world. Of course, America's capacity for innovation is nothing new. We have been inventing for more than two centuries: think of Benjamin Franklin, Margaret Knight, Thomas Edison. By the end of World War II, the United States led the world in automobiles, aerospace, electronics, medicine, and other areas. Nor is the formula for success complicated: Government funding for our world-class research institutions produces the new technologies that American entrepreneurs take to market. What is new is that more countries than ever are competing for global leadership, and they know the value of innovation. Since 2000, South Korea's research and development spending (measured as a percentage of GDP) has gone up … [Read more...] about State funded research key to breakthrough innovation
Foreign ministers of G8 members countries pose for a photograph before the G8 Foreign Ministers Meeting at Lancaster House in central London April 11, 2013. Foreign ministers from the G8 group of rich countries failed to patch up deep divisions over Syria and condemned Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) threats but did not announce any concrete measures to address Pyongyang's provocations during a meeting in London on Thursday.British Foreign Secretary William Hague, speaking after talks with his counterparts, admitted the world had done too little to try to resolve Syria's two-year-old conflict, in which an estimated 70,000 people have been killed."The United Nations Security Council has not fulfilled its responsibilities because it is divided. That division continues. Have we solved that division at this meeting? No. We didn't expect to do so," Hague told reporters."The world has failed so far in its responsibilities and continues to do so."DPRK … [Read more...] about G8 ministers fail to agree on Syria; condemn DPRK
Global stocks closed their worst quarter in nearly three years on Friday on nagging concerns about the world economy and the lack of a credible solution to Europe's debt crisis. The euro and most commodity prices also fell as investors' search for safety drove up U.S. government bonds and the dollar. Adding to a string of global data that has crushed growth-related assets in the past three months, China's manufacturing sector contracted for a third straight month in September while German retail sales slid at their sharpest pace in more than four years. An unexpected rise in euro-zone inflation for September also moderated talk that the European Central Bank would cut interest rates. Still, the euro fell sharply to close its worst quarter against the U.S. dollar since mid 2010. "The combination of sovereign debt crisis, a slowing economy and really what appears to be ineffective leadership in Europe has led to this decline, and we expect that to continue to play out in the fourth … [Read more...] about World stocks post worst quarter in 3 years