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Deputy Minister of Science and Technology Bui The Duy made the suggestion at a recent working session with the HCM City People’s Committee regarding the implementation of a national strategy on AI research, application and development by 2030.
He underlined that to promote AI development, the information and communications sector needs to create a market for AI products while the education sector must focus on appropriate training.
In terms of human resources for AI, the deputy minister said the southern city should pay attention to training programmes to disseminate knowledge and connect hi-tech parks, software technology parks, and start-up incubators.
Vice Chairman of the municipal People’s Committee Duong Anh Duc placed emphasis on acquiring experts in the field and proposing policy amendments to the Party Central Committee, while seeking permission to pilot policies on AI personnel and the use of and investment in AI products.
The Ministry of Science and Technology has been asked to devise orientations towards the building of three national centres on data archiving and to measure efficiency in the national strategy.
Vice Chairman of the Hung Yen Provincial People’s Committee, Bui The Cu, said that after four years of implementing Resolution No. 08-NQ/TU, dated October 4, 2016 by the Executive Committee of the 18th Hung Yen Provincial Party Committee on the Hung Yen transport development programme 2016-2020, with a vision to 2030, the transportation system in the province has witnessed many changes with rapid development.
Works and roads at national, provincial and district levels have been renovated and upgraded to form a relatively synchronous transport infrastructure network, contributing to changing Hung Yen’s face and bringing a new position to the province, while ensuring national defence and security for the province’s socio-economic development.
Typically, the first phase of the route linking the Hanoi – Hai Phong expressway to the Cau Gie -Ninh Binh highway has brought about high efficiency, connecting many roads in Hung Yen province with the national highway system which crosses the northern region. In the vicinity of this road, there are three industrial zones, including a clean zone, covering more than 143 ha, the Industrial Zone No. 3, covering over 159 ha and the 263 ha Industrial Zone No. 1, belonging to the Ly Thuong Kiet Industrial Park and Urban Service Area, approved by the Prime Minister to be added to the planning of industrial parks in Vietnam by 2020. This has created breakthroughs in attracting investment serving socio-economic development in Hung Yen province in the coming years.
Implementing Resolution No. 08-NQ/TU regarding Hung Yen’s transport development programme for the 2016-2020 period, with a vision to 2030, the local authorities have solidified the objectives, tasks and solutions to implement the resolution, including plans to invest in the development of a comprehensive, modern and sustainable transportation system, ensuring the continuity and linking various modes of transport and localities in Hung Yen with each other, as well as connecting its urban and rural areas, connecting Hung Yen with Hanoi and other provinces in the northern key economic region. The province is also concentrating on completing the construction, renovation, upgrading and putting into operation many important roads, such as a road linking the Hanoi – Hai Phong expressway with the Cau Gie – Ninh Binh expressway, the Hung Ha and La Tien Bridges, the ĐT 376 route (provincial Road No. 200), and the dyke system to the left of the Red River.
The rural transport infrastructure in Hung Yen has seen a high investment level in association with promoting new rural area construction. Since 2016, Hung Yen has poured more than VND3.7 trillion into renovating and upgrading over 190 km of district roads and bridges and more than 241 km of communal roads and bridges, as well as over 621 hamlet and inner-field roads, thus increasing the rate of district roads paved with asphalt or concrete to 97.7%, while the rates for communal/hamlet and inner-field roads reaching 99.2% and 84.3%, respectively. Moreover, 100% of communes have met the rural transport criteria in the set requirement criteria for the new rural area construction programme.
Hung Yen is located in the northern key economic region, with a relatively high economic growth rate, having 10 approved industrial parks and three others approved by the Prime Minister to be added to the planning of industrial parks in Vietnam by 2020, making the province a great potential destination for developing industry-services and attracting investment, especially foreign investment. Therefore, the transport network in Hung Yen needs to be developed and better connected with the major traffic system of Hanoi and across the region as a whole.
In order to complete the transport infrastructure system, Hung Yen has been preparing to commence various major projects, including Phase II of the road project linking the Hanoi – Hai Phong expressway and Cau Gie – Ninh Binh bridge expressway, belt roads No. 4 and 3.5, the project to renovate and upgrade National Highway No. 39 from the Ly Thuong Kiet Intersection to Highway No. 5 connecting the province’s north-south economic axis and the interprovincial road linking Ring Road 5 of the Hanoi Capital Area in the territory of Thai Binh province with National Road No. 38B and the Hanoi – Hai Phong Expressway, crossing Hung Yen province.
For its provincial roads, Hung Yen is focusing on constructing and completing multiple projects, such as investing in renovating and upgrading the DT.387 route, extending the DH.17 to the DT.379 road, some sections of the DT.382B route (side road for the Hanoi – Hai Phong expressway), and upgrading the DT.378 route covering the dyke system of the Luoc River. The province has also carried out procedures and is preparing to commence other projects, such as improving and upgrading DT.379 to a level II route, developing the north-south economic backbone project for the province using capital from the OFID, and a project on upgrading and expanding provincial road No. 378 covering the dikes along the Red River (in phase 2).
The province is also ready to invest in a number of projects, including urgent side roads on National Highways No. 5, 38 and 39, side roads connecting the Hanoi-Hai Phong and Cau Gie-Ninh Binh expressways. For district roads and rural roads, Hung Yen is striving to achieve the goal of 100% of district roads and inter-commune roads being paved with asphalt or concrete, with 100% of roads in villages and hamlets and main roads in the fields hardened, fulfilling the criteria for rural transport in the new rural area construction programme.
Hung Yen is also targeting the effective mobilisation and use of investment capital sources from the provincial concentrated budget, as well as targeted support capital sources from the Government and the relevant ministries and central agencies, in addition to Government bonds and ODA loans. It is also focusing on promoting the exploitation of capital from investors in the forms of PPP, BOT and BT for its key projects, while giving priority to the allocation of provincial reciprocal capital for transport projects under the various programmes with loans from the central budget and ODA.
Hung Yen has promoted auctions on land use rights to create capital for the development of its transport infrastructure, while making use of capital sources from the Government’s national target programmes, government bond capital and other support. It has continued to strengthen its propaganda work and mobilise organisations, investors and local people to contribute funds, land and labour days to build rural roads, especially commune, village, hamlet and inner-field roads. The province has boosted the study of preferential policies for businesses and investors to invest in transport infrastructure works, while creating favourable conditions for organisations and businesses to access and research investment projects in the form of PPP, BT and BOT.
It has also developed appropriate policies according to regulation in order to accelerate ground clearance for projects to ensure their progress and investment efficiency. Priority is being given to a rational land fund for the development of the provincial transport infrastructure, paving the way for socio-economic development, increasing land use value in the locality, thereby creating land funds to invest in developing the transport infrastructure. It has erected landmarks to plan routes according to approved planning regulations. The land use planning for transport infrastructure needs to be unified and carried out in a synchronous manner with close cooperation between the relevant departments, branches and localities in the province to carry out the site clearance effectively.
HCM City (VNS/VNA) – Vietnam needs to focus more on developing feedstocks and production of intermediate goods , especially in terms of human resources, to enable its industrialisation, experts have said.
Tran Tuan Anh, chairman of the Party Central Committee’s Economic Commission, told a recent conference that while there has been some improvement in these areas, their potential has not been fulfilled while the training of workforce needed for them do not take into account the latest technological development.
The country still has to rely on imports of intermediate goods, he said.
Minister of Science and Technology Huynh Thanh Dat said demand for them from manufacturers is rising, but local firms struggle to satisfy it.
Developing a skilled workforce that can help the country satisfy its demand for industrialisation and modernisation is important, he said.
Duong Anh Duc, deputy chairman of the Ho Chi Minh City People’s Committee, said the city offers loans for hi-tech projects in key industries and fully subsidises the interest, and pays close attention to training.
The Party Central Committee’s Economic Commission has been tasked with recommending industrialisation and modernisation policies by next year, including for developing a workforce for the intermediate industry.
The country aims to become a developing country with a modernised industry and medium high income by 2030./.
The target remains a challenging task, given growing uncertainties in the global and domestic economies, including the complicated evolution of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Vietnam is expected to set an average GDP growth target of 7% in the five-year socio-economic development plan for the 2021 – 2025 period, according to Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc.
The target remains a challenging task, given growing uncertainties in the global and domestic economies, including the complicated progression of the Covid-19 pandemic, Phuc said in a directive dated April 13 instructing the formulation of the upcoming five-year socio-economic development plan.
The 2021 – 2025 socio-economic development plan must be based on a comprehensive review of Vietnam’s performance in realizing the previous five-year plan, as well as on prediction of Vietnam and international economic outlooks.
PM Phuc suggested the economy would face tremendous difficulties during the 2021 – 2025 period, mainly due to unresolved internal weaknesses of the economy.
Additionally, socio–environmental issues such as aging population, income gap, natural disaster, climate change, and saltwater intrusion are putting pressure on socio-economic development.
The PM stressed priorities for the next socio-economic development plan would include:
(1) Improving the institutions of the socialist-oriented market economy, with a view for rapid and sustainable economic development on basis of macro-economic stability and inflation under control.
(2) Continuing to push for economic restructuring associated with transforming the growth model towards higher productivity, competitiveness and economic resilience; promote a comprehensive digital transformation and the establishment of digital firms with international competitiveness; improve the business environment and help spur economic recovery in the post-pandemic period.
(3) Pushing for development of economic zones and supporting industries, with a view to meeting the need of the basic production inputs of the economy.
(4) Establishing synchronous infrastructure systems in transportation, seaports, energy, IT, urban and agriculture, among others, while continuing to realize the national housing development strategy and national program of modernized farming.
(5) Utilizing efficiently investment resources for economic development; developing new economic models with the application of digital technologies; enhancing efficiency in public debt management and utilization; accelerating construction progress for project of national priority.
(6) Enhancing quality and efficient use of human resources to take advantage of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and contribute to economic modernization and integration.
Among 14 free trade agreements (FTAs) Vietnam has signed, the CPTPP is a new generation FTA with high standards and the highest level of facilitation. Vietnam has been forecast to be one of the members that benefits the most from the deal.
However, the country has experienced challenges in optimizing the FTA because of its modest level of development and competitiveness.
Due to US-China trade tensions and the impact of COVID-19, the global economy fell into crisis last year with interrupted supply chains. Vietnam also suffered an economic downturn. Therefore, after two years of implementation, the benefits from the CPTPP are still to be seen.
Vu Tien Loc, President of the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI), said that positive results in the two years of implementation include the reform of institutions and administrative procedures.
Explaining the modest benefits so far, Loc said major reasons include the poor competitiveness of Vietnamese enterprises, market instability, and the low capacity of State agencies.
Meanwhile, Nguyen Cam Trang, Vice Director of the Import-Export Department at the Ministry of Industry and Trade, said the CPTPP has helped promote Vietnam’s exports.
However, its market share and export growth to the six partners that have implemented the CPTPP have been low.
She noted that Vietnam’s market share is 3.1 percent in Japan, 1.9 percent in Australia, 1.6 percent in New Zealand, 1.3 percent in Mexico, 1.1 percent in Canada, and 1 percent in Singapore.
Growth in exports to CPTPP markets was 12.2 percent in 2018, 13 percent in 2019, and 12.02 percent in 2020, Trang added.
She said that, in the future, State agencies should enhance their capacity to implement the CPTPP while continuing to complete legal policies, strengthen communications regarding the deal, support macro-, small-, and medium-sized enterprises to improve their capacity, encourage investment in material production, and design measures to reduce logistics costs.
Businesses should also be more active in seeking opportunities from the deal, while changing their mindset and exploring demand in CPTPP markets to design suitable business strategies and plans, she added.
A survey by VCCI showed that about three-quarters of businesses said they will adjust their business plans to optimise the opportunities from the CPTPP and other FTAs.