Prof. Dr. Tran Ngoc Tho, Member, National Financial & Monetary Policy Advisory Council, University of Economics, Ho Chi Minh City
European international school ho chi minh city
Human resource factor
Ho Chi Minh City is the most populous metropolis in the country, but compared to other big cities in Asia such as Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, or Shanghai, the quality of population calibre is average. This means that Ho Chi Minh City may be densely populated but it is still not strong enough to become a knowledge city of international standards. The City is still mainly based on broad-based labor intensive industry, occupying large premises and using low-skilled labor and outdated technology, supported by large investment and low productivity, and dependent on outsourcing of raw material from other countries. If the population calibre is low, it is difficult for a City to develop quickly and sustainably.
On the top of the pyramid is the Elite Group. Studies show that this group plays a lead role in society, and includes experts, senior leaders, and big businessmen. This group is not too large, but consists of smart and intelligent people who are experts in their fields, who orient, create trends, and influence and attract people to follow their model lifestyle. Any city with a large, strong, and united elitist class will always progress the fastest.
On the second rung of the pyramid comes the respond group. This group is quite large, plays a crucial role in the development process, and is the main driving force that also promotes the society and culture of the place. This segment is the middle class, is economically well off, educated, and very capable and talented. In developed societies, the middle class always makes up the majority, possibly upto 40% to 50% of the entire city population.
The last group at the bottom rung of the pyramid follows default social trends. This group is very large, has potential power if mobilized well, but is less active. These three groups all must focus towards improving in quality, which will then easily lead to a high consensus and success. The lessons of Singapore and European countries are living proof of such development and growth. However, among all the three groups, it is the elitist that is the most important and prominent in society.
Shortfalls and inadequacies
Looking from the outside and very objectively, Ho Chi Minh City does not have a strong group of intellectuals and experts, or a strong international research base in various fields. Many of its scientific research products are of poor quality and low applicability, with too few products commercialized domestically and having almost no influence outside its borders. Along with this, public officials serving the people lack professionalism, skills and the ability to communicate with foreign visitors.
In particular, Ho Chi Minh City lacks a good indepth advisory group. Survey results show that grassroots officials do not meet necessary requirements, with only 28% having university degrees. Among these, only 25% have been trained in urban areas; only 9% know a foreign language; and just 13.6% are proficient in office computing. Many cadre officers were transferred from either Women’s Union, Civil Defence or Fatherland Front, and only five out of 58 officials in charge of the culture of 58 suburban communes are trained in culture in schools, while the rest are rotated back and forth from different positions.
According to a report by the Center for Forecasting Manpower Demand and Labor Market Information in Ho Chi Minh City, upto 28% of the labor force in Ho Chi Minh City has not been trained, and only 26% has received just preliminary training.
The business community in Ho Chi Minh City is small in size, and its influence is still weak and not of an international level. Ho Chi Minh City lacks economic giants such as Samsung, LG, and Honda. The business giants are mainly in the real estate sector, getting richer from difference in land rent, unfamiliar with market economy, and relying mainly on officials. These giants cannot guide society in terms of techniques, technology, organization, or image. If Ho Chi Minh City wants to have 500,000 businesses, it must have 50 to 100 leading people running both small and micro-enterprises.
Ho Chi Minh City lacks teams of modern industrial workers called blue-collar workers, in the true sense of the word. Workers here are just unskilled laborers with low education and living a poor economic life, while not forming a social class like in developed countries. Industrial products are also mainly outsourced to foreign countries, and handicraft products are monotonous with little innovation. This is reflected not only in production but also in areas such as literary and artistic products for tourism that are few and outdated, and poor in variety and design.
Change economic structure
Ho Chi Minh City needs to change its economic structure quickly and become an international center for finance, health and education services. Tourism must be of a high level, by training young educated people. The solution to restructuring the economic space is to reduce the labor force of medium and low-skilled workers or unskilled workers, and not develop low-level processing factories, but develop industrial parks, high-tech parks, software zones, and biotech zones. It is important to promote industrial development in the central and western provinces also so that workers do not have to move to Ho Chi Minh City.
Forming a class of residents that play a lead role in society, and attract high-quality talent and experts from all over the country and abroad, is an issue that Ho Chi Minh City needs to address with great urgency.
Asso.Prof. Nguyen Minh Hoa
Hanoi now has 12 cases positive with the virus, the largest number of infections in Vietnam.
Vietnam’s Ministry of Health on March 15 confirmed four new cases infected with the new coronavirus and all are European tourists, taking the toll of infection cases in the country to 57.
|Foreign tourists in Hanoi. Photo: baotintuc.vn|
The four newly-detected patients include one Latvian, one German and two Britons, entering Vietnam on March 8-9. Of them, two are being treated in Hanoi, one in Ho Chi Minh City and one in Quang Nam province.
Authorities at Hanoi’s Noi Bai International Airport have tightened control over the entry of passengers, both from overseas and Vietnamese destinations.
In addition, bars, karaoke lounges and historical relics have been asked to halt operations while schools have been closed for more than one month.
* An earthquake with a magnitude of 6.8, revised up from an earlier estimate of 6.6, jolted northeast Japan on Saturday, shaking buildings 400 kilometres away in Tokyo and raising the possibility of landslides closer to the epicentre.
* A single dose of Pfizer’s coronavirus vaccine may not generate a sufficient immune response to protect against dominant new variants, except in people who have already been infected with COVID-19, according to a UK study.
* China reported 16 new mainland COVID-19 cases on April 30, down from 13 cases a day earlier, the country’s national health authority said on Saturday. The total number of confirmed COVID-19 cases in mainland China now stands at 90,671, while the death toll remains unchanged at 4,636.
* Japanese regulators are set to approve Moderna Inc’s COVID-19 vaccine as soon as May 21, the Yomiuri Shimbun newspaper reported Saturday, without citing the source of the information.
* Russia reported 9,270 new COVID-19 cases on Saturday, including 3,208 in Moscow, taking the official national tally since the pandemic began to 4,814,558. The government coronavirus task force said 392 people had died of coronavirus-linked causes in the past 24 hours, pushing the national death toll to 110,520.
* US President Joe Biden is expected to impose new travel restrictions on India starting Tuesday, barring most non-US citizens from entering the United States, a White House official told Reuters.
* Thailand will next month receive another 3.5 million doses of Sinovac Biotech’s vaccine, as the country seeks to shore-up supplies amid its biggest outbreak so far.
* Some EU countries still want Brussels to strike a deal to buy Valneva’s vaccine candidate despite a recent setback in talks, as the bloc aim to shore up and diversify supplies, sources familiar with the talks told Reuters.
* India has received 150,000 Sputnik-V vaccine doses from Russia, a spokesman for India’s foreign ministry said on Saturday.
* All people in France aged 18 and over will be able to get COVID-19 vaccines from June 15 onwards.
* Sweden said it would take three weeks longer then expected to offer all adults their first COVID-19 shot after it decided not to use the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.
* Spain is extending the gap between the first and second doses of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine to 16 weeks for people aged under 60, going beyond the 12-week maximum interval approved by European authorities.
* Canada’s remote oil sands region in northern Alberta has become a COVID-19 hotspot, disrupting essential annual maintenance work at its massive oil sands plants.
* Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said he expects the United States to send Mexico around 5 million doses of AstraZeneca’s vaccine.
* Argentina announced a three-week extension of anti-coronavirus measures that include cancellation of in-person public school classes and an 8 p.m. curfew for social activities.
* Turkey has enough doses of COVID-19 vaccine at the moment and more shots will be coming soon from Russia and China, President Tayyip Erdogan said.
* Italy reported 226 coronavirus-related deaths on Saturday against 263 the day before, the health ministry said, while the daily tally of new infections fell to 12,965 from 13,446.
* Indirect talks between Iran and the United States on bringing both sides fully back into compliance with the 2015 nuclear deal are making steady progress and will resume on Friday, the head of Russia’s delegation said on Saturday.
* Britain reported seven new coronavirus deaths and a further 1,907 infections on Saturday, taking the total number of deaths recorded within 28 days of a positive COVID-19 test to 127,524, according to daily government figures.
* The commander of foreign forces in Afghanistan warned on Saturday it would be a mistake for insurgents to attack foreign troops still present in the country after the passing of a May 1 deadline for withdrawal agreed last year with Taliban militants.
* Portugal is extending until May 16 flight restrictions that stop non-essential travel from countries including Brazil with high coronavirus incidence rates, and added India to the list due to the rapid rise in infections there.
* Tanzania’s new President Samia Suluhu Hassan said on Saturday the government would reduce the income tax rate by 1 percentage point to 8%, in the 2021/22 financial year beginning in July, and also planned to remove “unfriendly taxes and charges to Tanzanians”.
* Pakistan plans to reduce the number of inbound international flights to 20% of current numbers to curb rising COVID-19 cases, the official body overseeing the country’s pandemic response said on Saturday.
* Ukraine has signed a contract with Pfizer for an additional 10 million doses of its coronavirus vaccine, brining the total number of doses to 20 million, President Volodymyr Zelenskiy’s office said on Saturday.
* At least 18 people, including two healthcare workers were killed in a fire at a COVID-19 hospital in the western Indian state of Gujarat late on Friday night, officials said on Saturday, in the country’s latest deadly hospital accident.
HCMC- New play for children to be staged at dance school
May 9, 3pm
HCM City Dance School, 155 Nam Ky Khoi Nghia Street, D3
The play is based on the short story collection for children The World’s Worst Children, by English bestselling author David Walliams. The collection revolves around five beastly boys and five gruesome girls.
Tickets: VND150,000 and can be bought at https://forms.gle/RMVEpMT7wmi1X2Fa7.
French musical ‘Les Misérables’ tours
April 16-18, Hanoi Opera House, 1 Trang Tien Street, Hanoi
May, National Dance and Music Festival, Dak Lak Province
Early June, Ho Chi Minh City
Featuring famed historical French musical ‘Les Misérables’ by Victor Hugo.
With participation of local artists from the Vietnam National Opera and Ballet Theatre (VNOB), foreign artists from Hanoi Voices Choir, along with director Nguyen Trieu Duong and choreographer Linh An.
Until May 30, 8 am – 8 pm
Matca Space for Photography,48 Ngoc Ha Street
From the organizer:
From whimsical scientific inventions in the early 20th century to the rising fitness culture in Silicon Valley to levitating house dogs: titles selected from independent French publisher RVB Books introduces new ways of thinking about our visual culture, weaving together acute observation, wild imagination, and tongue-in-cheek commentary.
Each book is made unique by the way it embodies its subject, as well as its non-traditional design and materials. Paradoxically, this selection is also a reflection of the way images are consumed.
Hanoi-The Subtle Moves
Apr 30-May 16, Tues – Sun, 10 am – 7 pm
Manzi Exhibition Space, No.2, ngo Hang Bun, Ba Dinh District
Featuring nearly 30 silk works, which are all composition assignments of art students in their final year of Bachelor’s studies, ‘The Subtle Moves’ introduces to the public the promising representatives of a new artist generation as well as offers the artists themselves essential motivation at their significant turning point.
Ninh Thuan Province-Exhibition of Ninh Thuan – Quang Nam Cham culture
Until May 15,
Displaying nearly 80 artifacts, including photos, statues, pottery, over 1,500 tools, traditional handicrafts, costumes, jewellery, paintings, ancient musical instruments, and 1,400 books and reference materials.
Featuring the unique cultural and artistic heritages of the Cham people in the land of Ninh Thuan – Quang Nam and the exchange of Cham culture with others throughout history.
HCMC-A Dream Of The End At The End Of A Dream
Apr 27-June 26, Tues – Sat, 10 am – 7 pm
Galerie Quynh, 118 Nguyen Van Thu, D1
From the organizer:
An exhibition by Tuan Andrew Nguyen and Wowy. This is their second with the gallery, the latest in a wide range of collaborations since 2008’s Quiet Shiny Words/Cultural Doppelgangbangers, where the artists explored subcultures in the contexts of Vietnam and America.
Binh Dinh Province-Exhibition: ECO-SUS
Opening: Apr 8, 03 pm
Exhibition: Apr 8 – Aug 8
International Centre for Interdisciplinary Science and Education, 7 Science Avenue, Quy Nhon City, Binh Dinh Province
From the organizer:
Featuring 11 Visual artists across Vietnam.
ECO-SUS is curated by artists The Son and Uu Dam, opening along with Winter School for Sustainable Development with 100 excellent fellows and respected speakers organized by Danh Nguyen. ICISE, a European-style building inspired by Binh Dinh nature, situated in the heart of a 21 hectares valley surrounded by majestic mountains and a long yellow sand beach. A remarkable architecture design by the famous Jean François Milou. See you at this fascinating exhibition.
The thrilling ECO-SUS exhibition will take place on the beach at 3 PM on April 8th:
1. 03 pm – Warm-up, kick start with with a viral and ambitious artwork from ECO-ĐI by artist Nguyễn Trần Ưu Đàm on Quy Nhơn yellow sand beach to raise global awareness about the pollution.
2. 04 pm – Opening exhibition of 11 Vietnamese artists with their world-class artworks. Curatorial tour lead by artist/curator Thế Sơn
3. 04:30 pm – “Chula” Fashion show by designer Del Valle Cortizas Diego.
4. 09 Apr – Explore Làng Sông, an old monastery, a beautiful structure that built and stood for 158 years, listen to singing hymns, visit publication in the very historic place where Jesuits record the first Vietnamese sounds in Latin.
HCMC- Exhibitions: ‘Within / Between / Beneath / Upon’ & ‘Home: Looking inwards to the outer world’
Until Jun 6, 10 am – 07 pm
The Factory Contemporary Arts Centre, 15 Nguyễn Ư Dĩ, Thảo Điền Ward, D 2,
From the organizer:
The Factory Contemporary Arts Centre proudly presents two exhibitions: ‘Within / Between / Beneath / Upon’ and ‘Home: Looking inwards to the outer world’.
* Israel bombed what it said were underground tunnels used by Hamas and Palestinian militants fired rocket barrages at Israeli cities as fighting spilled into a second week on Monday and international calls for a ceasefire mounted.
* New Zealand’s Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern announced on Monday that Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison will visit New Zealand for the annual Australia-New Zealand Leaders’ Meeting on May 30-31.
* Mainland China reported 25 new COVID-19 cases on May 16, up from 18 cases a day earlier and marking the highest daily increase in more than six weeks, the country’s national health authority said on Monday. The total number of confirmed COVID-19 cases in Mainland China now stands at 90,872, while the death toll remained unchanged at 4,636.
* India’s federal health ministry on Monday reported 281,386 confirmed cases during the past 24 hours, the first time since April 21 that new COVID-19 cases reported on daily basis have fallen below 300,000 mark. Meanwhile, as many as 4,106 related deaths were reported from across the country on Monday, raising the death toll in the country to 274,390.
* Brazil recorded 40,941 additional cases in the past 24 hours, along with 1,036 deaths from COVID-19.
* Russia on Monday reported 9,328 new COVID-19 cases, including 3,573 in Moscow, taking the national infection tally to 4,949 573. The coronavirus taskforce said 340 people had died of coronavirus-linked causes, taking its death toll to 116,211.
* Thailand’s economy improved in the first quarter, but a third wave has clouded the outlook for the tourism-dependent country.
* Singapore plans to shut most schools from this week and draws up plans to vaccinate youngsters.
* Japan’s wholesale prices rose in April at their fastest annual pace in six and a half years, data showed.
* The European Union needs to dramatically toughen weak CO2 targets for commercial vans to spur a shift to electric models and phase out fossil-fuel sales entirely by 2035, European campaign group Transport and Environment (T&E) said on Monday.
* Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison has declared that it remains unsafe to re-open the country’s international borders.
* England’s ministers will make a decision on June 14 about whether or not to proceed with the final phase of lockdown easing.
* Spanish police said they cleared 9,000 revellers from Barcelona’s city centre streets and the nearby beach on Sunday to prevent dangerous overcrowding on the first full weekend after restrictions were lifted.
* An experimental COVID-19 vaccine developed by Sanofi and GlaxoSmithKline showed a robust immune response in early-stage clinical trial results, enabling them to move to a late-stage study.
* Irish health officials are considering allowing the use of COVID-19 vaccines from AstraZeneca and Johnson & Johnson for those aged between 40 and 49 in addition to the current use for over-50s, a senior health official said.
* Greece will help its key tourist industry with an additional financial package worth more than EUR400 million (US$486 million), the country’s finance minister said on Monday.
* Mexico’s health ministry on Sunday reported 1,233 new confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the country and 53 more fatalities, bringing its total to 2,381,923 infections and 220,437 deaths.
* Colombia reported on Sunday 520 deaths from COVID-19 over the past 24 hours, raising the nationwide death toll to 81,300, the ministry of health and social protection said. Meanwhile, 15,093 new infections were reported, bringing the nationwide tally to 3,118,426, the ministry said.
* Turkey will start easing its strict lockdown on Monday by allowing movement during the day while keeping overnight and weekend curfews in place.
* Saudi Arabia said foreign visitors arriving by air from most countries will no longer need to quarantine if they have been vaccinated.
* South Africa will launch phase two of its vaccine rollout on Monday with the aim of inoculating five million citizens aged over 60 by the end of June.
* Trinidad and Tobago will impose a state of emergency from midnight to contain an increase of cases and related deaths.