Many effective models
According to the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development of Bac Lieu Province, through the process of agricultural restructuring, many models of the linking value chains in the production, processing and consumption of agricultural products have been formed, bringing high economic efficiency. Currently, the province’s many companies and units of shrimp farming in the form of a closed value chain were recognised as agricultural enterprises applying high technology or certified by international standards of aquaculture such as GlobalGAP, BAP, ASC, and Organic. In addition, the province has steadily developed the rice industry following a large production model, joining the value chain, with rice output increased from 1.066 million tonnes in 2015 to 1.15 million tonnes by 2020.
In Hai Duong, the agricultural sector has also been promoting the formation of value chains for agricultural products. Accordingly, the province has been focusing on building agricultural production zones for export processing, high-tech agricultural zones, and expanding production scale according to the GAP assessment process. Up to now, the whole province has 335 hectares of organic rice, 114 rice-growing models of “one zone, one variety, one time”, with the minimum scale of 30 hectares per zone. Specialised vegetable growing areas with high efficiency continue to be maintained and expanded. Thanks to production in value chains in 2020, many agricultural products of the province will be exported through official channels to high quality markets, such as: lychee, longan exported to Japan and the US; carrots to the Republic of Korea (ROK), Japan, and Middle Eastern countries; cabbage to the ROK and Japan; pickled cucumbers to Russia and the ROK; and onion and garlic to Malaysia.
Meanwhile, according to the Hung Yen Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, the province has successfully implemented the project “Building and developing models of production and consumption chain of agricultural products” in the direction of producing quality goods, ensuring food safety. The project spent more than VND26 billion to support science – technology, infrastructure, and promoting product consumption, including applying advanced technology in production chains, food business, disseminating knowledge and guidance on cultivation and husbandry techniques. Through project implementation, in Hung Yen, many typical models appeared, such as: Hoang Minh Chau Co., Ltd. with a group of turmeric products including: Nano Curcumin, Nano Collagen turmeric milk, turmeric cream, turmeric starch; and the Mien Thiet longan cooperative with Hung Yen longan.
Towards sustainable development
Building value chains for agricultural products is one of the important solutions towards the sustainable development goals of the entire agricultural sector. Over the past time, several models of value chains have been formed and have been remarkably effective, but they are not high in quantity nor evenly distributed in fields and trades. This is attributed to the fact that agricultural production in many regions of the country is still small and fragmented, it is difficult to form concentrated production zones to apply science – technology as well as control issues related to food safety and hygiene. Therefore, in the coming time, it is necessary to promote the formation of value chain models in the forms such as cooperatives, cooperative groups associated with enterprises; Manufacturing enterprises associated with distribution firms; Enterprise performing all stages in the chain.
Therefore, localities should soon plan concentrated agricultural production zones, as a basis for the formation of value chains. In Bac Lieu Province, according to the plan, by 2025, the province will promote investment in building an aquaculture zone, a high-tech aquatic seed production area with 4,000 hectares of farming; implementing large fields associated with rice consumption to reach 100,000 hectares, accounting for more than 51% of the cultivated area. In addition, the local agricultural sector also continues to guide and support production and business establishments in the direction of scaling up, ensuring all the conditions to convert activities into new-style cooperatives or business. At the same time, the province will also support businesses, cooperatives, and business households to participate in the programme “One Commune, One Product” (OCOP) to link production and consumption in the value chain to increase high added value.
|In order to develop the value chain of local specialty products, in 2018, the Prime Minister issued Decision No.490/QĐ-TTg approving the National Programme of One Commune, One Product for the 2018-2020 period (OCOP Programme). The goal of this program is to standardise at least 50 percent of the existing products, or about 2,400 products, while consolidating and perfecting production organisation in the direction of linking production households with cooperatives and enterprises.|