The two sides compared notes on the regional and global issues of shared concern, including defence and security challenges to both countries and the Association of the Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) such as competition among major powers, the East Sea issue, and non-traditional security challenges. They were of the same mind about the need for the regional bloc to maintain its solidarity and central role in the regional security architecture while promoting the role and responsibilities of partner countries. With regard to bilateral defence ties, they expressed their delight at the growing ties between the two countries’ defence ministries and armies, especially the exchange of all-level delegations, training, information sharing, and cooperation between armed services. Earlier, Sen. Lieut. Gen. Nguyen Chi Vinh paid a courtesy visit to Singaporean Defence Minister Ng Eng Hen, who applauded the two defence ministries’ maintenance of the deputy minister-level Defence Policy Dialogue – a leading important mechanism to assess bilateral defence ties and adopt orientations and measures to reinforce the relationship in future.