Rural Vietnamese residents are failing to climb the social ladder because many families stay in the agriculture sector for generations, according to an Oxfam report released last week. As many as 79 percent of agricultural workers in 2004 were still working in the sector in 2008, and that figure rose to 83 percent from 2010-2014, the research found based on national data and surveys taken in 2016. Fewer than 8 percent of agricultural workers moved to the industry or service sectors during either period. The “Social Mobility and Equality of Opportunity in Vietnam” study, which is the first to look at people’s perception of social mobility in Vietnam, aims to analyze the trends and factors involved in changing social statuses in society, with a focus on the role of education. It collected data from the Vietnam Household Living Standards Survey (VHLSS, 2004-2014) and conducted questionnaires with 600 families and 85 in-depth individual interviews in Lao Cai Province in northern Vietnam, Nghe An in the north central region and Dak Nong in the Central Highlands, which were selected for their diversity of socio-economic development, poverty rate, and commitment/willingness to join the study. The provinces’ average incomes were VND14 million, VND18.3 million… Read full this story
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