The best cup of coffee consists of the best roasted beans, appropriately ground and brewed. So, it all starts with the coffee bean and the roasting method.
Because it will keep for a long time w…
Because it will keep for a long time without loss of quality or taste
the coffee bean is harvested and stored in its original green state.
The original green coffee bean is very different from the roasted dark
brown bean because it is soft and spongy to the bite and smells green,
with a grassy quality. Roasting effects numerous chemical changes as
the beans are rapidly brought to very high temperatures. When they
reach the peak of perfection, they are quickly cooled to stop the
Roasted coffee beans
smell like coffee, and weigh less because the moisture has been roasted
out. They are crunchy to the bite, ready to be ground and brewed. The
roasting process brings out the rich aroma and flavor of coffee
as we know it that is locked in the green bean. And, once the coffee
bean is roasted it should be used as quickly as possible before the
fresh roast flavor begins to diminish.
While some attempt to
roast at home, roasting is actually a very technical process and skill
which approaches an art form. It takes a lot of training to become an
expert at roasting and the ability to read the beans and make decisions
with split second timing.
In reality, there are tons of
different roasts based on individual producers and there is virtually
no industry standards. However, in general, there are 4 types of roasts
categories that mainly describe the characteristics of the various
The perfect coffee roast
is an individual choice, the best thing is to try a variety until you
find one that you like since each roast offers a variety of strength,
flavor and aroma.
The Coffee Roasts
Light roasts yield a very mild cup of coffee because the light roasted
bean is not roasted long enough to create oils on the surface of the
coffee bean which are responsible for the rich and stronger flavor of
coffee. Some light roasts are, Light City, New England and Cinnamon.
Darker in color and with a stronger flavor that the light roasts and a
non-oily surface. This roast is also known as the American roast
because it is very popular in the States. Some popular roasts in this
category include, City, American and Breakfast.
A pronounced strong flavor and aroma with a bittersweet after taste,
this roast is stronger that medium and light and has some oil on the
Dark The dark roast produces beans that are
very shiny black and have lots of oil on the surface and the coffee cup
with a pronounced bitterness. The strongest of all the roasts, this
roast yields a full flavor and the strongest cup of coffee. Dark roasts
range from slightly dark beans to charred. Some popular roasts included
in this category are, the popular, French and the Continental, Espresso
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